Since the 1950s IOM has implemented programmes that assist Member States with the integration of migrants as a key to effective and comprehensive migration management. While the term “integration” can be understood differently depending on the country and context, it is generally defined as the process of mutual adaptation between host society and migrants. Further, the role of countries of origins in providing necessary of pre-departure support measures to this process is increasingly recognized. Integration hence implies a sense of obligation and respect for a core set of values that bind migrants and their host communities to a common purpose. Integration is essential for all stakeholders, not only as a way of providing economic and cultural benefits but also for ensuring the security and stability of societies as a whole.
One of the main challenges of creating an effective integration policy is to make sure that it intersects with other major policy areas, including the protection of migrants’ human rights and equal opportunities, employment and labour market issues, regional development, national security, social cohesion, public health, education, and naturalization and citizenship issues. IOM works with government, non-government and private sector stakeholders in countries of destination and countries of origin to address specific integration challenges, and to develop joint policy strategies and identify concrete support measures.
IOM supports policies and strategies that promote the social, economic and cultural inclusion of migrants within existing legal frameworks in countries of destination. Its focus is on the development of strategies that help migrants to better integrate into new communities as well as assisting receiving communities to recognize the positive contributions that migrants can make. This two-way integration process is essential for the existence of thriving, multicultural communities.
The IOM Country Office for Austria focuses on supporting vulnerable groups, like Unaccompanied Minors or young refugees. Moreover awareness rising on all levels is of utmost importance, i.e. schools, authorizes. This is aimed to be realized via various (inter-)national projects involving diverse target groups
IOM Migrant Integration Fact Sheet
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